45th Parallel Towns refers to towns that are located along the 45th Parallel. The 45th Parallel (north) refers to an imaginary circle of latitude that is often called the halfway point between the Equator and the North Pole. Because of the earth’s oblate shape – wider around the Equator than around the poles (imagine a rubber ball that’s being slightly squished down from the top), the actual mid-point between the Equator and the North Pole is about ten miles north of the 45th Parallel.
In our region. the 45th parallel also is the approximate border between the United States and Canada. For this reason, the parallel is sometimes called the “Canada Line”. The actual border between Vermont and Quebec is really about 1 kilometer (3,300 feet) north of the parallel due to an error in the 1772 survey.
- New York:
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